How To Administer CBD Oil Correctly - The Owl Instinct

How To Administer CBD Oil Correctly

Chapter 4

Different Types of CBD Products

Now that we have covered some more of the technical aspects of this book, let’s take a closer look at the different types of CBD products you can find. There are a bunch with more coming to a store close to you in the near future.

Below you’ll find a short list of different CBD products with a short description for each:

  • Hemp oil is made from the seeds of the hemp plant. These seeds, while full of Omega 3’, Protein and essential fatty acids, it does not contain CBD. This is usually for cooking.
  • Raw Hemp Extract – This is a CBD rich oil that contains all of the natural occurring compounds. This includes terpenes, flavonoids and cannabinoids.
  • Industrial Hemp Extract – These contain a low source of CBD in the products. Many CBD products are the market are made with this so be careful.
  • CBD Concentrates – These products will have distillates or extracts. It provides the full spectrum without unwanted compounds.
  • CBD Isolate – This is the CBD in its purest form. It has no other cannabinoids or terpenes in the mix. Isolates is another common source for CBD products but it does not have the other components.
  • CBD-rich oil – This is either a full spectrum concentrate or oil that is infused with a full spectrum CBD concentrate.
  • Infusions – These are products that are infused with CBD isolate.
  • Broad Spectrum Oil – This, as we mentioned before, is an oil that is infused with CBD isolate and terpenes, however the terpenes and additional additives do not come from the cannabis plant.

Over the coming months, you will be bombarded with new CBD products. It’s important to understand the differences in order to buy the right product for you.

Now that we have looked over the different products, let’s take a closer look at doses and administration.

Administration and Doses for CBD

Throughout this section, we’ll be looking at the different methods you can use to consume CBD. We’ll also be looking at what type of consumption method is best for your condition and will recommend certain methods for particular conditions.

Always look at the Bioavailability of CBD

The bioavailability of the product you are consuming is important. Not all products will deliver the same amount of CBD. The bioavailability is measured by how much percentage of a given dose ends up in the bloodstream and useable by the body. A low bioavailability means that even if the dose is large, the body will only absorb a little of the active compound. This is one of the key takeaways for choosing your product.

If the bioavailability of the product is at 100%, it would mean that 100% of the CBD in the product will be used by your body. While one way to ensure that you’re getting 100% bioavailability would be to get CBD intravenously, however with liposomal extracts, you can almost reach the same level of bioavailability without the invasive procedure.

 Now, let’s take a closer look at the BA (Bioavailability) of CBD in different products

BA of Tinctures

A tincture is an oil or an alcohol based liquid, which is infused with CBD oil. The way you consume a tincture is to place a drop underneath the tongue. The sublingual administration method allows the tincture to be absorbed directly into the bloodstreams through the veins and capillaries in the mouth.

 A tincture will have a bioavailability of 10-40% and is more effective than edibles.

BA of Inhalants

One of the more popular methods of consumption is via inhalation.  Patients use a vaporizer and CBD oil. This is one of the methods with the highest bioavailability. The vapor is inhaled and absorbed into the lungs. 

Additionally, the effects are almost immediate. Depending on the purity of the CBD oil you are using, you can expect a bioavailability of anywhere between 25% - 60%. There are a lot of factors that can contribute to the loss of BA, the volume of vapor inhaled, how long its kept in the lungs and how deep the inhalation is. The Owl Instinct is still not very comfortable advising customers to use inhalants and choosing not to sell it at this time. We are still not convinced that is does not damage the lungs and feel the other applications are a better long-term option.

Edibles

Another popular way of consuming CBD is through edibles. While there isn’t concrete data on the bioavailability of CBD in edibles, the number for THC is roughly 4%-25%. The onset, or how long it takes to take effect, is roughly set to about 20-40 mins. However, some people’s digestive systems might work slower than others, therefore it can take even up to an hour.

Nonetheless, the effects of edibles also last longer. People who usually suffer from severe pain utilize edibles since it has the most prolonged effect out of all of the consumption methods.

How long does it take for CBD to become effective?

As mentioned, there are different onset time for the different methods and we will be discussing these factors a bit more.

No two human beings have the same physiological constructs. This means that CBD and THC interacts differently with each organism. Other elements such as weight, age, blood circulation and metabolism all are important factors to consider as well.

Another point to consider is the number of endocannabinoids in your system and the number of cannabinoid receptors. With more receptors in your system, you’ll be more sensitive to CBD and other cannabinoids. This as opposed to someone with a lot of endocannabinoids and a few receptors.

This is partly one of the main reason researchers find it hard to research cannabis in a clinical setting.

Different products also play a role in the onset time of CBD, the quantity being used, the bioavailability of the method and so forth. Below, we’ll talk about the different dosage recommendations based on the methods mentioned above.

CBD Oil Dosage

While most CBD products will have some indication on the dosage, they only provide a general overview of dosage recommendations. This might mean that you’re either taking too little or too much of the CBD to be effective. We have to take into account things like concentration, dosage and duration of the product.

Also, it’s important to distinguish whether people are using CBD for a specific medical condition [that may require a lot of CBD] or simply maintaining their health. In addition, you need to see whether you’re using Full Spectrum (the owl instinct is full spectrum) or broad spectrum or an isolate as all of the additional terpenes and minor cannabinoids also play an important role.

When we’re talking about the synergy of terpenes and cannabinoids within the cannabis plant, a strange phenomenon known as the “Entourage Effect” occurs. This essentially means that they work together to promote better health. Using full spectrum oil creates the entourage effect.

For example, a terpene known as myrcene makes the brain-blood barrier more permeable. This means that it reduces the required dosage for brain conditions.

All of these factors play an important role in knowing how much you should take to obtain the full benefits of CBD.

Best Practices

In this section, we will be discussing a few things to ensure that you’re getting the most out of your CBD products. Consistency is an important factor. Thus, we recommend that you stick with one product for a while. This allows you to see how effective this one particular product might be. If you’re going to be switching between products, you won’t be able to accurately measure the effects and it will be harder to determine dosage.

We also recommend that you start with a low dose and work your way up. It gives your body a chance to react with the CBD. Most experts in the industry recommend starting with 1 mg for every 20 pounds of weight. In other words, if you weigh 150 pounds, you will require roughly 7.5 mg per dose. Simply scale it up based on your weight.

Depending on your organism, CBD could make you sleepy at larger doses. Low doses hardly ever show these effects. Nonetheless, if you’re new to CBD, we recommend starting at night and seeing how it affects you. Take your dose roughly 1-2 hours before sleep. Then, take another dose during the mornings.

If you don’t get drowsy from CBD, then you can use it throughout the day, however for those who do feel the onset of sleep after taking it…maintain night time doses. In most cases, it can be used both for nighttime applications as well as daytime applications. 

Once you have become comfortable with your dose, you can increase it periodically. This is only if you don’t feel the CBD really doing its job. If you’re getting the benefits from your current dose, stick to it. However, if the effects are subpar, then increase slowly over time.

For maintaining your health, you can use between 10 and 100 mg of CBD per day depending on your weight and the bioavailability of the product used. Fortunately, you can never overdose on CBD. It’s nontoxic. Nonetheless, over-dosing on CBD might create undesired effects such as being too relaxed during activities that require more attention, or being too awake at night times.

This is why you have to measure your dosage and effects to take full advantage of the CBD.

Recommended Methods of Consumption

In this section, we’ll talk about the different recommended methods of consumption based on your lifestyle and medical condition

Oils and Tinctures

Oils can be taken sublingually or digested whereas tinctures (which are alcohol based) are primarily taken sublingually. These are generally taken in the mornings and the evenings. This is a great way to deal with anxiety as they have a quick onset and a decently long duration.

The biggest issue with tinctures and oils are that they can get messy when traveling. They usually come in a vile of some sorts and if that vile by any chance breaks or leaks…you can imagine how that would end.

CBD oil can be taken in a spoon, just like you would with cough syrup. Tinctures usually come with a dropper, allowing you to place the drops underneath your tongue. Simply let it sit there for a while and let your body absorb it.

CBD Capsules

In most cases, capsules are supposed to be taken orally. Depending on the product, the capsule will travel down to the digestive track where it will dissolve and release the CBD.

The benefit of using capsules is that it’s one of the most efficient and less messy ways to consume than vaporizing or tinctures/oils. The downside is that the onset takes a lot longer too. Capsules also allow you to ensure that you’re getting consistent doses. If a capsule delivers 20 mg of CBD, and you know the producer is legitimate…you know that every capsule you take will deliver the exact amount of CBD to your system every time.

This makes it easier for you to scale up or scale down your doses accordingly.  As mentioned, the duration is also prolonged, which makes it an optimal method of consumption for people dealing with chronic pain, inflammation and digestive problems.

CBD Infused Topicals

There are a number of products that are meant for topical application. Topicals are excellent for people with skin conditions or localized inflammation. These salves and oils are usually comprised of other ingredients and some of them will have CBD isolates, while others have full spectrum CBD oil infusions.

It’s quite self-explanatory to understand how topicals work. Simply take a small portion of the topical and rub it on the affected area. There are plenty of cannabinoid receptors on your skin, meaning that it will get absorbed.

However, topicals will only provide “localized relief”, meaning it won’t reach other receptors in the brain or other organs. This is a good method of consumption for people with lesions, localized pain and inflammation or other skin conditions.

Inhalation Methods

When you decide to use inhalation techniques, you can either use a vaporizer or a nebulizer. Vaporizers are more portable whereas nebulizers tend to be larger, making it difficult for you to take with you.

The vaporizer will convert the CBD oil into a gas form which is inhaled, whereas nebulizers make a mist. Nebulizers does give you the added benefit of creating exact doses whereas vaporizers do not. In the case of vaporizers, factors like how much you are inhaling, how long you keep it in your lungs all play a factor.

Since these methods provide the quickest onset, it is recommended for people with anxiety, stress and other conditions that require immediate relief.

 With all of this out of the way, now let’s take a closer look at some common questions about CBD.
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